Differences between Credit & Debit Card

Dining out? Swipe the card.

Shopping? Swipe the card.

Refueling your car? Swipe the card.

Traveling? Swipe the card.

We see thousands of people relying on the facility of cards instead of cash. It is not only easy to carry but also a secure way of spending money. Although we have encountered people swiping cards at a number of occasions yet we are confused between the two terms: Credit card and Debit card. Hardly, people know the exact difference between the two types of cards. Following are the differences which will help you distinguish one from another.

Meaning of Debit and Credit card: Debit card is issued to you by your bank so that you can make any purchase or avail a service. The payment is made at the time of purchase which comes straight from your bank account. If you have money in your account you can pay otherwise you can’t. A credit card is also issued to you by your bank for the same purpose. However, the payment is made by the bank on behalf of you. If you don’t have money in your bank account it is okay. Your bank is supposed to pay for now.

The facility of payment: In case of a debit card, you are bound to pay then and there. It keeps your purchase limited because you get to pay from your own pocket. Nobody is supposed to pay on your behalf. You must have balance in your account for this purpose. In case of credit card, you can continue making a purchase and pay later. You are not bound to pay then and there for availing any service. Even if your bank account doesn’t have enough balance you can worry about it later.

Bank account: The most important condition to become a holder of a debit card is to have a bank account. No bank would issue you a debit card if you don’t have a bank account. In case of credit card, the issue is the opposite. Even if you don’t have a bank account you still can become a holder of a credit card. There is no such condition for credit cards.

Limits: The amount of money that you can withdraw depends on the amount of money you have in your bank account. No matter how much the amount is, the withdrawing limit is always less than that. In the case of credit cards, the withdrawing limit depends upon the credit rating of the holder.

Billing criteria: In the case of debit cards, there is no bill. Since all the bills are paid at the time of purchase, therefore, there is one bill less in the life of debit cardholders. In case of credit card holders, a bill waits for them. That bill is supposed to be paid within 30 days.

Interests: If the bill is not paid then interest is charged obviously. For debit cardholders, there is no bill and no interest.

Now that you have a clear idea about the two types of bank cards we are sure you can very well distinguish one facility from the other. Unlike others, you must be sure about the kind of facility you use or see others using.

 

The cycle of Accounting & its Significance

A bookkeeper follows a set of eight steps involved in completing a task. In order to keep a record of all the transactions made in a year by a company, the accountant keeps working in a cycle. Starting with entering, prioritizing, and classification and finally ending on the summarizing of financial information, this cycle brings authenticity to the work of an accountant. All the steps are carried out one by one throughout the year. Hence, the chances of making a mistake are negligible.

Following are the eight steps which form the basis of accounting.

  1. Identify the transactions: All kinds of financial activities are included in this step. Record all the inflow and outflow of cash which might have happened in the form of sales, revenue, debt, payoff, taxes, investments etc. The receipts and invoices used in these activities help in identifying the transactions accurately. Make sure you count only those transactions which are directly linked to the company’s interest.
  2. Enter the transactions in Original Book of Entry: In this step, note down all the tractions which you have identified in a chronological pattern. The transactions are noted in the Original Book of Entry or simply called a journal. There are two ways to make this record: Single-entry bookkeeping and double-entry bookkeeping. In single-entry bookkeeping, there is either credit or debit. Whereas in double-entry bookkeeping, both credit and debit are noted.
  3. Record the transactions in Final Book of Entry: The final book of entry also called general ledger is sometimes a physical journal or a notebook. But mostly, businesses prefer using software which serves as a journal. In this journal, changes made into the account are recorded. In the case of single account entry, your journal or cashbook already serve as your general ledger.
  4. Calculate trial balance: When the accounting year is ended, the trial balance is calculated. While making a trial balance, add the credit and debit records. Both figures must be equal. If not, then there is surely an error in the recordings. It is the most efficient way to determine the balance between credit and debit balances.
  5. Record accruals and deferrals: This step is a rescuer. Many times an error is detected while calculating the trial balance. In this case, errors are corrected which are called adjustments and it is supposed to be done on a worksheet. Also, the accruals (which are not previously recorded) and deferrals (which are advanced payments) are recorded to add it into the balance sheet.
  6. Adjust the worksheet: This step is again about the rechecking and correction. If the balance between credits and debits is unequal go back to the trial sheet and make the adjustments. As long as you keep checking and rechecking the input the errors will keep highlighting and in the end, results would be balanced.
  7. Prepare financial statements: This step proceeds towards the finality of process. Financial statements are proof of a company’s progress. Only viewing at it gives a summarized history of all the profits and losses of a company. The financial statement holds comparison between profit and loss. All kinds of inflow and outflow of cash are recorded on it.
  8. Close the book: This is the last step. Logically, it is not the last step because it is a cycle that proceeds in a circular motion. Now the books are closed for the purpose of revenue and expense. All the balance goes back to zero for you to start over again. Any financial activity that takes place after this step is counted in the next academic year.

Budget and Accounting

Budget. A very common term which fairly makes its way into our ears has significant interference of accounting. From a scenario as trivial as that of your home to something as critical as that of your business requires an equal amount of interest and devotion. After all, it’s a matter of money. Starting from scratch an accountant first presents a plan and then proceeds with it to pull it off exactly as required. With no room for lamentable decisions, the output is anticipated to be not only accurate but also favorable. To avoid any fiasco, the accountants have to go through a series of cross-checking to make sure that all the aspects of the business are commendably adjusted.

When the budget is supposed to be presented a number of business planners are seated around a table with tons of work spread in front of them. Interestingly, it is not them who take care of it. It is the job of an accountant to collect data, regularize the information and finally put it into the spreadsheets ready to be discussed. The business planners are there to keep an eagle’s eye on the profits and losses of the business so that no mismanagement is recorded at the time of practical implementation of the budget. Accounting is equipped with all desired tools which are brought in purpose to present the budget of a business. Keeping in mind the nature of the budget, accountancy builds a framework that associates with the exact figures of current as well as previous years. In accountancy, various proficient practices are involved that allows an accountant to list down, draw, form, summarize or expand the information to make the process of budgeting feasible.

Decades back, when the worth of accountant was minimal the businesses suffered a huge loss. This doesn’t appall anyone in the current era because we see how accountants, who are capable of holding your business in shape, were overlooked. Either the blunder was due to lack of functional funds or the opposite which is the squandering of valuable money. Stereotypically, accountancy is not only about managing accounts by studying a spreadsheet or a business profile. An accountant has much more in his court than what it appears to be. Managing the accounts and keeping an authentic track of profit and loss is only the tip of the iceberg. Actually, from daily expenses, wages, salaries, loans, investments, maintenance repairs, taxes and every other kind of cash flow is kept in focus by an accountant. The making of the budget requires vigilant and efficient working so that not a single penny can be misplaced. Now, it is a fact to ponder upon how much workload that accountancy is supposed to bear was being neglected for quite long. The point-to-point business interferences and operations are under a timely check to produce a budget that is subjected to long-term planning and other opportunities for business establishment.

Nevertheless, the budget that is finally presented with ease has to go through a series of complicated revisions by the accountants. No matter it is your business or your country’s budget, a team of accountants is tirelessly working out the information in the most adept way possible.

 

Accountants For Better Businesses and personal Finances

Today I thought I would write a new entry to the site as some of use may be aware not much has been happening here lately. We all know that its best to get your Accountant to handle all your business financials in order to pay the least amount of tax, but there are a lot of things you may not be aware that you as a business owner can do to generate better returns and help your Accountant to get you the best return. Here we will be discussing some of these key points. I hope you get a ton of value out of some of the upcoming posts and I would appreciate all your comments and questions